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Conception de chaudières

General informations


Ingénieur (niveau M2)

Génie Energétique

Mise en oeuvre des sources énergétiques






Boilers, steam, fire tube boiler, water tube boiler

Pedagogic informations

Training objectives
In the end, student must have technical knowledge on boiler operating principles used to provide heat energy in industry. Students must know the different components of these machines, the basic phenomena for combustion, emissions of pollutants and heat transfer occurring in these systems and methods of production and operation of thermal energy in the industry.

Learning objectives
- Determine using the first law of thermodynamics and steam tables the characteristics of the working fluid across the different components of a steam system
- Study the energy exchange in a steam network
- Identify the different components of a steam network
- Determine the efficiency of a boiler
- Understand the various components of a power plant operating according to a Rankine cycle
- Identify the technological differences between the various types of boilers
- Understand the different types of water circulation in boilers
- Understand the functioning and operation problems of the different elements of a boiler
- Understanding the importance of basic parameters such as excess air and turbulence to control the quality of combustion in boilers
- Use an On Ostwald diagram to determine the quality of a combustion
- Identify the various components of burners systems and understand their importance
- Identify the main pollutants emitted by power plants and know the main ways of struggle against pollution

Learning context
This course complements the course of combustion and Fluid machinery 2. The additions made are prerequisites for the courses Nuclear engineering and Energy management.

Course materials
- Handout (course and oral lecture note)
- online course available (sonorized session)

Thermodynamics and Combustion

Course content
I- Overview
A- Definition and characteristics of thermal generators
B- Basic French and European regulatory parameters
II- Thermodynamics
A- First principle and the second principle
B- Saturated and superheated steam tables
C- Diagram temperature-entropy S / Mollier diagram
D- Steam Turbine Cycle
E- Cogeneration in an industrial process
F- Physics of boiling
III- Boiler Technology
A- Fire-tube boilers and water tube boilers
B- Circulation of the heat transfer fluid
C- Steam cooling in the condenser
D- smoke’s Circuit
IV- Fireplace / burner, combustion equipment
A- Combustion parameters
B- Complete combustion and incomplete combustion
C- Ostwald’s Diagram
D- Combustion efficiency / Boiler efficiency / steam network efficiency
E- General information on pollution facilities
F- Major pollutants and main effects of these
G- Main control methods

Personal work
At the beginning of each course, students will be able to summarize the main ideas of the previous courses.
Personal work on the course materials online and also with the handout.
Personal work on exercises from the elements given in the handout, but also with the media available online.

Label (French) Label (English)
Conception de chaudières Furnace design

Exam description

Exam structure